The breed standard
Above average is simple, alert, obedient, strong, harmoniously and proportionally folded dog. It is used as a gourt dog, harness dog and companion dog. The dog is faithful, affectionate, easy to train, well get along with other animals, self-confident. It is a mobile working dog with a strong backbone, bold and enduring, with abundant long coat and aristocratic appearance. The character is lively, good-natured, the dog is self-confident, balanced, calmly treats strangers, enduring, loyal to the master.General form.
Height at the withers of males - 64 - 70 cm; females - 58 - 66 cm index format - 9:10.Sex type is well pronounced.
Males are larger, more courageous, with a more powerful backbone and a more massive head. Females are smaller, lighter in body.Type of constitution.
Strong and cobby. The skeleton is massive, the muscles is well developed, powerful, the skin is thick, elastic, tightly fitting.Coat.
The coat is long, slightly wavy or straight, silky, thick, shiny. On the head and muzzle, below the wrist and hocks, the wool is short, tightly fitting, thin, dense.Color.
This is a three-colored dog. The main color is anthracite-black. Tan dense bright brown color? On the cheeks, above the eyes, on the chest on both sides, on all four legs and under the tail. White markings are located symmetrically: a small or medium-sized white groove, symmetrically dividing the head and shifting to the muzzle, a white shirt-front in the form of a cross, white paws (heels) and the tip of the tail (not necessarily). Head.
Large, massive, proportional to the body, wide. The skull is flat, almost square, the occipital tubercle is well developed. The forehead is wide, moderately convex, with noticeable superciliary arches and a shallow hollow in the middle. Cheekbones are moderately underlined. The transition from forehead to muzzle is clear, but not sharp. The lines of the skull and muzzle are parallel. Muzzle in the form of a blunt wedge. The length of the muzzle is equal to the length of the skull. Nose large, broad, with well developed nostrils, black. Lips thick, close fitting, without fibrillation. The lower jaw is wide enough, strong, the lip rim is black.Ears.
Medium-sized, hanging, high and wide set, triangular with slightly rounded ends, snug against the puppies. In a guarded condition, the anterior margin somewhat unfolds forward and slightly lifts on the cartilage at the base. Covered with a dense, slightly curly long hair. Eyes.
Straight and widely set, small, oval or almond-shaped. When viewed from the front, the whites of the eyes are not visible. Eyes are dark brown. Eyelids dry, edging of eyelids - black. Look calm, attentive, good-natured, intelligent.
Teeth. Large, white, incisors are located on the same line. Teeth complete. Scissor bite.Neck.
Medium length, strong, muscular, crested neck, well arched neck.Withers.
Well developed, broad, muscular.Back.
Broad, strong, muscular, straight. Small of the back. Short, broad, muscular, slightly convex.Loin.
Short, broad, muscular, slightly convex. Croup.
Strong, broad, roundish, muscular, gradually descending to the base of the tail. Tail.
Long (up to the hock or slightly below), uniformly covered with long, fluffy hair, saber-shaped, thick at the base and tapering towards the end. In a calm state it is lowered downwards, when excited, rises up to the line of the back. Chest.
Wide and deep, with powerful convex ribs. Abdomen.
Reasonably tucked up; Forequarters.
Scapulas obliquely set, muscular. Forelegs straight and parallel to each other. Shoulders askance, muscular. The shoulder-flap angle is about 100 degrees. The elbows are directed back and pressed against the body. Forearms are powerful, moderately long, slightly inclined. The length of the front limbs from the ground to the elbow is half the height at the withers.Hindquarters.
When viewed from the rear, they are straight and parallel to each other, with strong bone and well developed musculature. The corners of the knee and hock joints are straightened, the shins are of medium length, the metatarsus are comparatively short, slightly inclined.Motion.
A natural gait is a slow trot. Movements are strong, free. With increasing speed, the limbs converge under the body to the line of the center of gravity. A slight back swing is allowed.
Information provided by kennel "Sennenhund Rossii".