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Article
Description of the Bernese Mountain Dog
Breed description
Breed description
The flag of the canton of Bern depicts a bear, and this is another reason why lovers of this breed carefully look for similarities between the bear and Sennenhund. For example, both use forelegs for communication - and this is a sign of a high intellect that brings them closer to the erect, like a bear, Bernetz can paw down with a friendly hand or stretch it out as a sign of friendship, etc. But time flies, and the growing puppy ceases to be a plush toy (strangely enough, it happens with all the cubs) and becomes what it is destined to be - a stately and strong dog. Bernese Sennenhund has always been considered the most beautiful of Swiss mountain dogs. In many respects this was due to the long and thickness of his magnificent fur and a good-natured, gay face. All the praises, just sung by the breed, do not reflect a small part of its merits, so you can continue for a very, very long time.
Sennenhund as a breed of Bernese Mountain Dog, or Bernese Mountain, or just Burns - can be called, whatever - an inexpressibly graceful and intelligent creature. Like many other mastiffs, this dog can be restrained and calm until he recognizes a friend in the person. With outsiders, Burnets does not show emotion, he is cold, but polite. Since long centuries he "worked" as a farm watchdog and an alpine shepherd, in him at the level of instinct lay the desire and ability to protect. In the home life, this instinct easily finds a way out. In particular, the Sennenhunds are wonderful watchmen, very sensitive and discriminating. Over the centuries of the existence of the breed, Bernese had visited a tractor, so he was not deprived of power, and at a dangerous moment he would not give himself any offense, and he could defend himself. It is worth adding that only a very obedient and patient dog is capable of pulling a cart loaded to the top with cheese or milk bottles. In the Sennenhunds of our time, these qualities, oddly enough, are also easily seen! Bernese perfectly coexists with the children - with them, under the same roof, the Sennenhund turns into the most patient and caring creature in the world, neither the nurse nor even the parents can match, and the dog forgives their sometimes cruel pranks. Bernice will soon retire from the stressful situation, than become aggressive. Sennenhund, although mastiff in origin, he took from the mastiff only the best features - sensitivity, care, protective instincts, but not aggression and snootiness. Another of the characteristic features of Berntz is his intellect. The owners note that the dogs are very amenable to training, they are happy to wait for the team and perform it with precision. This desire to learn and obey an intelligent and good master makes Sennenhund a welcome pet for many and many. It becomes suitable for a wide variety of activities. Shyness in the dog was never welcomed, and Sennenhund is no exception to the rules. Modern Bernts are much more sociable, sociable, than their ancestors. In many respects this happened because of the active participation of the dog in the life of its owner. Sennenhunds are easily attached to children and adults, are friends with other domestic animals, involvement in the life of the family is their urgent need. Putting the dog in the yard, beyond the threshold - a sure way to undermine the nature of the dog and his health. The dimensions of the Sennenhund make it optimal for almost any life situation. They take root in private houses and apartments, but only on the condition that they can train, give out their energy several times a day. Needless to say, the Bernese Mountain Dog will perfectly take root in the countryside, on the farm, because it is a habitat familiar to generations and generations of its ancestors. But nowadays, more and more Sennenhund owners turn out to be townspeople, and they speak of the "townspeople" -tobaks as exemplary-respecting neighbors who take part in all kinds of activities of the urban family. They jog along with their masters in the mornings, walk with them in the evening, play active outdoor games, etc. Of course, like all dogs, Sennenhund feels the need to voice, but in urban conditions, this desire is partially suppressed successfully. In industrial society, as we have already noted, Sennenhund occupied his niche - he serves in the rescue teams, works like a search dog, helps the police, works for the Red Cross, etc. These are just a few of the areas of activity in which Sennenhund has applied his numerous talents. So, public services, citizens, rural residents and those who live in the suburbs all add to the number of fans and owners of the magnificent Bernese Mountain Dog dogs.
A lovely pet or a dog for a show?
Breeders who have a reputation, try to isolate and develop the desired qualities in the bred breed. And those features that have already been consolidated at the genetic level - to improve, expand. All this is done with an eye on the standard for this particular breed. The standard describes an ideal dog, and those individuals closest to the ideal are selected as exhibition dogs. The same ones that are not included in the category of favorites for some reason are sold as pets, faithful friends and pets. It is worth to clarify that a genetically, physically and mentally good home dog is no worse than an elite dog for exhibitions. Sometimes even the opposite. It simply has undesirable features / traits that are somewhat divergent from the standard, for example, ears of a slightly different size than specified in the standard, or the eyes of an uncharacteristic color for the breed, etc. At the exhibition site, this will be regarded as an omission, a flaw. Often these "omissions" can be recognized only by judges or experienced breeders. And, of course, the more a dog corresponds to an ideal, the more expensive it is, even if it looks almost the same as a domestic dog. If you want to once exhibit your dog to prestigious competitions or sell puppies, then do not be stingy - buy the best puppy you can afford. Without regretting money now, you will more than repay your costs in the future and - not least importantly - insure against disappointment and frustration. But if you need a puppy as a companion in the games of your children or a loyal and devoted listener, a friend for you, you can already estimate, comparing your needs and the amount that you have. You can save by purchasing a puppy that does not exactly become an exhibition dog, or an older puppy - they usually have less demand. But remember, to regard a puppy as a good investment of funds is not worth it - to grow a healthy, active, radiant life-giving dog, it will take a lot of money, food (also not free) and cares. The last, probably, even more than anything else. Another thing to remember is that the price paid for the dog will return to you a hundredfold in the form of love and devotion for many years that this faithful friend will spend with you. And Burnets will live really long - thanks to modern achievements in veterinary medicine and dietology for dogs. Two decades for a dog in our time is no longer the limit. In principle, small dogs live longer than large ones. But if you love and love your dog, then he will live enough. There are, of course, lovers who choose a dog of a certain breed precisely because of its presumed longevity, but it's really - lovers.
The breed standard
Above average is simple, alert, obedient, strong, harmoniously and proportionally folded dog. It is used as a gourt dog, harness dog and companion dog. The dog is faithful, affectionate, easy to train, well get along with other animals, self-confident. It is a mobile working dog with a strong backbone, bold and enduring, with abundant long coat and aristocratic appearance. The character is lively, good-natured, the dog is self-confident, balanced, calmly treats strangers, enduring, loyal to the master.

General form. Height at the withers of males - 64 - 70 cm; females - 58 - 66 cm index format - 9:10.
Sex type is well pronounced. Males are larger, more courageous, with a more powerful backbone and a more massive head. Females are smaller, lighter in body.
Type of constitution. Strong and cobby. The skeleton is massive, the muscles is well developed, powerful, the skin is thick, elastic, tightly fitting.
Coat. The coat is long, slightly wavy or straight, silky, thick, shiny. On the head and muzzle, below the wrist and hocks, the wool is short, tightly fitting, thin, dense.
Color. This is a three-colored dog. The main color is anthracite-black. Tan dense bright brown color? On the cheeks, above the eyes, on the chest on both sides, on all four legs and under the tail. White markings are located symmetrically: a small or medium-sized white groove, symmetrically dividing the head and shifting to the muzzle, a white shirt-front in the form of a cross, white paws (heels) and the tip of the tail (not necessarily). Head. Large, massive, proportional to the body, wide. The skull is flat, almost square, the occipital tubercle is well developed. The forehead is wide, moderately convex, with noticeable superciliary arches and a shallow hollow in the middle. Cheekbones are moderately underlined. The transition from forehead to muzzle is clear, but not sharp. The lines of the skull and muzzle are parallel. Muzzle in the form of a blunt wedge. The length of the muzzle is equal to the length of the skull. Nose large, broad, with well developed nostrils, black. Lips thick, close fitting, without fibrillation. The lower jaw is wide enough, strong, the lip rim is black.
Ears. Medium-sized, hanging, high and wide set, triangular with slightly rounded ends, snug against the puppies. In a guarded condition, the anterior margin somewhat unfolds forward and slightly lifts on the cartilage at the base. Covered with a dense, slightly curly long hair.
Eyes. Straight and widely set, small, oval or almond-shaped. When viewed from the front, the whites of the eyes are not visible. Eyes are dark brown. Eyelids dry, edging of eyelids - black. Look calm, attentive, good-natured, intelligent.
Teeth. Large, white, incisors are located on the same line. Teeth complete. Scissor bite.
Neck. Medium length, strong, muscular, crested neck, well arched neck.
Withers. Well developed, broad, muscular.
Back. Broad, strong, muscular, straight. Small of the back. Short, broad, muscular, slightly convex.
Loin. Short, broad, muscular, slightly convex.
Croup. Strong, broad, roundish, muscular, gradually descending to the base of the tail.
Tail. Long (up to the hock or slightly below), uniformly covered with long, fluffy hair, saber-shaped, thick at the base and tapering towards the end. In a calm state it is lowered downwards, when excited, rises up to the line of the back.
Chest. Wide and deep, with powerful convex ribs.
Abdomen. Reasonably tucked up;
Forequarters. Scapulas obliquely set, muscular. Forelegs straight and parallel to each other. Shoulders askance, muscular. The shoulder-flap angle is about 100 degrees. The elbows are directed back and pressed against the body. Forearms are powerful, moderately long, slightly inclined. The length of the front limbs from the ground to the elbow is half the height at the withers.
Hindquarters. When viewed from the rear, they are straight and parallel to each other, with strong bone and well developed musculature. The corners of the knee and hock joints are straightened, the shins are of medium length, the metatarsus are comparatively short, slightly inclined.
Motion. A natural gait is a slow trot. Movements are strong, free. With increasing speed, the limbs converge under the body to the line of the center of gravity. A slight back swing is allowed.

Information provided by kennel "Sennenhund Rossii".