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Purchasing a puppy, the formation of character
and the basics of training
The problems of groving. The major basic rules. Breeding - yes or no?
Purchasing a puppy, the formation of character and the basics of training
  • The problems of growing
The problems arising at cultivation of a sennenhund arise mostly because of the wrong feeding. The quantity has to be measured constantly in rather poor portions. Obesity at dogs renders to a great extent load of heart and blood circulation. Sometimes, that still weak sheaves and joints are exposed to unnecessary excessive loading at young dogs. The investigation — the bad "running" mechanism, first of all hind legs. At the weighed food the opportunity of physical activity, of course, reasonably several times a day has to be given to young bernets. "The forced marches" at several o'clock on the first year of life, certainly, should be avoided. At the arisen difficulties immediately address the breeder of your dog or the veterinarian.

  • The major basic rules
The diet of a forage can't be measured on pharmaceutical scales. Along with age and work as a decisive factor there will be an individual predisposition of a dog. The adult dog of the considered breed who is normally predisposed to food and exposed to average loading has a need to daily consume 750 g of meat and 200 g of porridge.1500 of the full food preserved in cans or 400 g of a dry feed has identical nutritional value. At a healthy, well-fed dog of an edge don't act visually, but are well probed by a palm. It is so possible to catch whether it is necessary to add or lower a forage. Young dogs can't accept day norm of a forage for once; the stomach overload would be a consequence of it. Ligaments, joints and bones would receive too big loading that would do only harm. Nevertheless the young Bern sennenhund weighing 20 kg demands as much a forage, as an adult dog. Feeding of the puppy taken from the manufacturer at first continues according to the recommendations of the last in the same way as at him. It will allow to avoid the disorders of digestion caused by reorganization; to a puppy accustoming to new conditions is facilitated. Before the end of change of teeth, approximately at the age of six months, the young dog eats three times a day before the end of growth, later, at the age of about one and a half years — Twice a day. The young dog still can allow to have some surplus in weight — he will help to have diseases easier. In youth it is difficult for Nedokarmlivaniye to correct later. The adult dog receives a forage once a day. What isn't eaten during a quarter of hour — is thrown out. It is important to observe firmly determined feeding time, it is less important — whether the dog receives the forage in the morning, during the lunchtime or in the evening. Anyway after a meal the dog should have a rest as it is accepted also at wild animals after a plentiful meal. Otherwise during the work or a game there can be a life-threatening situation of twisting of a dog of the crowded stomach.

The forage has to contain all necessary nutrients, but the dog doesn't need a flavoring variety. The dog can constantly receive the same forage if only it has been optimum made.
  • Breeding - yes or no?
The owners of female dogs may wish to start breeding. The arguments for this may be such advantages as the birth of a child for the female's health.
We want to say at once that this argument is untenable, and only for this reason should not be engaged in breeding. There is no evidence that a female dog who has never had a puppy has a greater propensity for inflammation of the uterus or mammary glands than the female who already gave birth. True, in some, very rare cases, childbirth and growing puppies makes her self-confident;
However, the danger that the female will give her bad constitutional signs to her offspring is decidedly greater. There are also a number of dog owners who think of breeding the Bernese Mountain Dogs to improve their financial situation. This is possible unless, if you show the female as rarely as possible and only at nearby exhibitions, grow broods of puppies in some corner of a small apartment and save on the nutrition of the mother and the puppies, disregarding the possibility of complications requiring veterinary treatment, and, finally, if costs for a long trip to a suitable male producer are eliminated.

If you want to breed, as befits a serious, self-aware dog breeder, then, by drawing a line in the budget at the end of the year, you will find that the income does not much exceed the expenditure. The only reason for breeding Bernese Mountain Dogs should be only love for the breed and the will to continually improve the material available for breeding.

In Russia, the females of a Bernese Mountain Dog is allowed to knit by a third heat - not earlier than at the age of 18 months. Before that, they should be demonstrated at least at two national exhibitions of the Russian National Club "Bernese Mountain Dog" to a special judge and then admitted as selected producers for further breeding. The prerequisite for participation in the selection are "very good" and "excellent" - for females and only "excellent" - for males, obtained at these exhibitions. These conditions are valid, however, only for members of the Russian National Club "Bernese Mountain Dog".

Each club can develop its own guidelines. For selection it is necessary to present the pedigree and the conclusion about dysplasia of the hip joints. There is an opinion that females comes in heat in spring and autumn. This is not true. The often expressed judgment that summer litters are healthier and stronger than winter litters is also not confirmed by experience. Determining here is the feeding and keeping of puppies. If you want to grow winter droppings, you need to have a well-insulated light and heated room. The floor in it should be rough and easy to clean. If the flooring is too smooth, the puppies can slip during their wild games and get a sprain.

From the book by E. Fedorovich and L. Shevyrova Bernese Mountain Dog "Contents and care".